India country climate and development report (CCDR) – agriculture chapter

The agricultural sector is an important element of India’s economic growth and social transformation process. However, it faces many challenges in the future, including increased vulnerability to climate change. India is one of the top three global agricultural emitters, nationally agriculture accounts for 21.5% of the country’s GHG emissions.

Current emissions measuring methods do not consider pre and postproduction activities. A food system approach, which includes these activities, provides a fuller view of emissions and impetus for mitigation proposals.

The main objective is to help review the draft agricultural chapter of India’s CCDR, and to achieve this it analysed and reviewed India’s agriculture and food system policies, assessed agro-climatic hotspots, analysed agriculture-related climate change commitments and the differences between the NDCs and the Paris/COP26 targets. It reviewed the literature of the agri-food industry’s contribution to GHG emissions, climate change’s impact on the sector and its adaptation and mitigation options. The second task was to assess adaptation and mitigation options using a CGE scenario analysis, develop a comparative assessment between countries, along within-country indicators and benchmarks. Adaptation and mitigation pathways were also analysed using a cost-benefit analysis, conducted at national and state level. The agriculture-water-energy nexus was also analysed.

Finally, it identified key challenges in the application of adaptation and mitigation options, including bottlenecks to private investment, and provided relevant and feasible recommendations for both adaptation and mitigation. The study was based on scientific and grey literature, in English, and on publicly available data sources or those provided by the client. These studies were complemented with additional information obtained from relevant stakeholders through online and in-person stakeholder engagements.

  1. Client
    The World Bank
  2. Solution
    Climate change and energy
  3. Dates
    04/2022 – ongoing
  4. Location
    India
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